SQL Behaviour – Assignment of value to Variable

We are going to see the SQL Behaviour while assigning value to variable, we thought of writing this post since recently we came across issues in real time during data assignment and processing.

Case 1:- First let’s see the example of direct value assignment in SQL,

declare @valueAssign nvarchar(50)='', @valueIntAssign int
set @valueAssign='YYYY'
set @valueIntAssign=1111
select @valueAssign as Fullname_DirectAssign
select @valueIntAssign as Number_DirectAssign

Output:-

Case 2:- Now we will see the Random value assignment in SQL, there are 3 rows in the table but it randomly picked the data from 3rd row during the execution.

declare @valueAssign nvarchar(50)='', @valueIntAssign int
set @valueAssign='YYYY'
set @valueIntAssign=1111
select @valueAssign as Fullname_DirectAssign
select @valueIntAssign as Number_DirectAssign

drop table if exists DataValueAssign

create table DataValueAssign(
id int,
fullname nvarchar(50),
Age int
)
insert into DataValueAssign values (1,'AAAA',19),(2,'CCCC',54),(3,'BBBB',34)
---Data Value Assigned Randomly to the Variable--
select @valueAssign=fullname,@valueIntAssign=age from DataValueAssign
select @valueAssign as Fullname_Randomly, @valueIntAssign as Age_Randomly

Output:-

Case 3:- Now let’s see how we can handle this Random value assignment behaviour by using the “Order by” and “Top” functions and assign the appropriate values to the variable and use it for data processing.

declare @valueAssign nvarchar(50)='', @valueIntAssign int
set @valueAssign='YYYY'
set @valueIntAssign=1111
select @valueAssign as Fullname_DirectAssign
select @valueIntAssign as Number_DirectAssign

drop table if exists DataValueAssign

create table DataValueAssign(
id int,
fullname nvarchar(50),
Age int
)
insert into DataValueAssign values (1,'AAAA',19),(2,'CCCC',54),(3,'BBBB',34)
---First Data Value Assigned to the Variable using order by ID--
select @valueAssign=fullname,@valueIntAssign=age from DataValueAssign order by ID desc
select @valueAssign as Fullname_FirstValue_using_Orderby,@valueIntAssign as Age_FirstValue_using_Orderby
---Top 1 Data Value Assigned to the Variable using order by AGE desc--
select top 1 @valueAssign=fullname,@valueIntAssign=age from DataValueAssign order by age desc
select @valueAssign as Fullname_Top1_Orderby_desc, @valueIntAssign as Age_Top1_Orderby_desc
---Top 1 Data Value Assigned to the Variable using order by AGE--
select top 1 @valueAssign=fullname,@valueIntAssign=age from DataValueAssign order by age
select @valueAssign as Fullname_Top1_Orderby_asc, @valueIntAssign as Age_Top1_Orderby_asc

Output:-

Be aware while assigning value to SQL variable and make sure that the expected value was set to variable, enjoy exploring SQL, Happy Learning !!!

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