This post is to help people who had tough time to get information about index and its included columns in SQL Server. Whenever I need, I always depend on object explorer and get the definition of the index.So I thought of compiling a snippet as below that can provide these information handy.

I created a procedure called – sp_helpindexExtended as below and the Tablename as parameter(this is an optional parameter).

Procedure Definition


Create Proc sp_helpindexExtended (@TableName sysname = NULL) 
as 
Begin 
	  ;With cte as 
	  (
		 Select Object_name(A.object_id) objectname,A.name index_name,
			Lower(type_desc) + Case When IS_Unique =1 then ', unique' Else '' end +
			Case when is_primary_key =1 Then ', primary key' Else '' End+
			Case when IS_Unique_Constraint = 1 Then ',unique key' Else '' End  index_description,
			Case when is_included_column=0 then c.name  + '('+
            Case When System_type_id = User_Type_id Then Type_Name(System_type_id) Else Type_Name(User_Type_id) End +')'  Else NULL end ColumnName,
            Case when is_included_column=1 then c.name  + '('+
            Case When System_type_id = User_Type_id Then Type_Name(System_type_id) Else Type_Name(User_Type_id) End +')'  Else NULL end IncludedColumnnames
            ,Is_Unique,Is_Primary_Key,IS_Unique_Constraint,Fill_factor,key_ordinal
    From sys.indexes A  
    Inner Join sys.index_columns B On A.object_id = B.object_id And A.index_id = B.index_id 
    Inner Join sys.columns C On c.object_id = B.object_id  And C.column_id  = B.column_id 
	Where A.Object_ID = Case when @TableName is not null Then OBJECT_ID(@TableName) Else A.object_id End
	)	SELECT objectname,index_name,index_description,
       stuff(( SELECT ','+ColumnName AS [text()] FROM cte p2
          WHERE p2.objectname = p1.objectname and p2.index_name = p1.index_name
          ORDER BY key_ordinal asc FOR XML PATH('') ), 1, 1,'') AS index_keys,
		stuff( ( SELECT IsNull(','+IncludedColumnnames ,'')  FROM cte p2
          WHERE p2.objectname = p1.objectname and p2.index_name = p1.index_name
          ORDER BY key_ordinal asc FOR XML PATH('') ), 1, 1,'')  AS included_keys
		  ,fill_factor 
      FROM cte p1 GROUP BY objectname,index_name ,index_description,fill_factor 
	 order by objectname asc
End

Procedure Usage

-- To get for all tables
exec sp_helpindexextended
-- To get only for a table
exec sp_helpindexextended 'tablename'
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